目的 观察高血压患者（少阳证型）应用小柴胡汤加减治疗的临床效果。方法 于2021年01月--2022年08月就诊于本院118例高血压患者（少阳证型）作为探讨对象，按照患者采取的治疗措施而设置为西药组（予以常规西药降压）、中药组（在常规降压基础之上加服小柴胡汤），各组分别纳入59例。比较两组降压疗效。结果 中药组降压效果高达%，较西药组更高（P<0.05）；中药组头晕目眩、口苦咽干、心烦喜呕、腰膝酸软等症候评分较西药组更低（P<0.05）；中药组与西药组治疗副作用无差异（p>0.05）。结论 少阳证型高血压患者应用小柴胡汤加减治疗的效果更佳，能够显著减轻症状，减少治疗副作用，值得广泛普及。
Objective To observe the clinical effect of Xiaobupleurum decoction in the treatment of hypertension patients (Shaoyang syndrome type). Methods A total of 118 patients with hypertension (Shaoyang syndrome type) admitted to our hospital from January 2021 to August 2022 were selected as subjects. According to the treatment measures taken by the patients, they were divided into western medicine group (conventional western medicine for antihypertensive treatment) and Chinese medicine group (small bupleurum decoction on the basis of conventional antihypertensive treatment), 59 cases were included in each group. The antihypertensive effect of the two groups was compared. Results The antihypertensive effect of Chinese medicine group was as high as %, which was higher than that of western medicine group (P<0.05). The symptom scores of dizziness, bitter mouth and dry throat, nausea and nausea, waist and knee tenderness in TCM group were lower than those in western medicine group (P<0.05). There was no difference in side effects between TCM group and western medicine group (p>0.05). Conclusion The effect of small bupleurum decoction on hypertension patients with Shaoyang syndrome is better, which can significantly reduce symptoms and side effects of treatment, and is worthy of widespread popularization.
Key words： Shaoyang syndrome type; Hypertension; Small bupleurum soup
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